Motors are in use everywhere. You can see large engines in trucks as well as buses and forklifts, you can find small engines within motorbikes and lawn mowers. It is because they are actually useful inventions. They may have started out as being steam powered and also unwieldy, but even small engines by today's standard are big related to the requirements of past years.
Both large and small engines come in two fundamental types. Petrol and diesel driven. The main difference is primarily in how the fuel is ignited. Diesel is much more difficult to ignite than petrol but will be used more effectively. Diesel-powered motors can be air or water cooled, particularly when talking about commercial size motors. Petrol engines are usually air cooled.
Whenever you take a look at vehicles you will notice that many of the faster cars, focused on horse power, are petrol powered. It is because the engine that's able to utilize petrol is generally smaller as well as lighter when compared to a diesel powered engine. Your larger automobiles, particularly the ones which are intended for towing normally use diesel-powered engines.
Household generators use small engines, usually form about 10kW and will only cost you a few thousand bucks. Manufacturing plants use engines which are considerably larger and cost within the tens if not hundreds of thousands. This just gives you an idea on the number of different sizes of engine there actually are.
The power that the motor creates is measured in terms of horse power. It was originally used as a way to compare the power output of an engine with the average power output of a typical draft horse. A single horse power (1hp) is equivalent to 745.7 watts. There are actually one thousand watts within a kilowatt so it would take 1.3410 horse power to give you one kilowatt of energy.
The rate that the engine's pistons move at is measured in revolutions per minute (rpm). This is basically the number of completed movement cycles the piston does in one minute. This is what provides the power to the engine. Small engines will need more revolutions than a bigger motor to put out the same amount of power as they can burn up much less fuel in each revolution.
This is all very simplified and doesn't give you any kind of idea of the complexness of a motor, regardless of how big or small it is. The engine is a wonderful bit of machinery and it has taken a long time to get to the stage it is at now. It is very likely that the large engines we use now will be replaced by small engines which are much more energy-efficient in a few short years.
Technology advances in leaps and bounds every years so who knows where engines will go next.
Carpooling is a great way to save money, save time and reduce your carbon footprint. Successful carpooling does involve quite a bit of coordination to make sure everyone gets picked up and dropped off at the right place, people are compensated and everyone is happy with the arrangement.
Here are a few tips for successful carpooling.
The first place to look for carpoolers is your immediate circle.
If you're driving the kids to school, the easiest place to look are parents of other kids in the neighborhood.
If you're driving to work, the easiest place to look are co-workers who also live in your area.
If you're deliberately looking for carpoolers and can't find them in your immediate circle, look on Craigslist. Craigslist has a very active carpooling community. Check it a few times a week and you'll very likely find people looking to carpool the same route.
Aim to Go above the Carpool Lane Limit
Different states have different rules about the carpool lane. In some states two people qualify for the carpool lane, while in others three people are required.
Using the carpool lane allows you to save time by driving faster, and reduces your gas consumption as well.
Try to always be above the carpool lane cut-off.
Only Pick Up & Drop Off in a Certain Area
One big mistake a lot of carpoolers make is going too far out of their way to pick people up.
Remember - the main purpose of carpooling is to save money on gas. If you're spending time and gas going to pick people up, it defeats the purpose.
Only pick people up in your area. Only drop off near your area.
Costs & Compensation
Agree on costs and compensation before you carpool. Often times it's as simple as splitting the costs each way.
Sometimes you might decide that the driver pitches in a little bit less than everyone else. If you're rotating different vehicles and some vehicles have lower gas mileage, you might have to discuss that upfront as well.
Discussing the costs upfront, before agreeing to carpool, helps avoid awkward money conversations after the fact.
Clear Cancellation Policy
Make it clear to everyone how cancellations work. For example, send a text to everyone involved 24 hours beforehand if you need to cancel.
This helps avoid hard feelings if someone suddenly has something come up.
Carpooling, when done correctly, can save a lot of time and money while being a great social experience for everyone involved. The tips above will help you avoid many of the common carpooling pitfalls and make the whole experience smoother and easier.
If you want to reduce your dependence on gas, reduce your environmental footprint and potentially save some money, you might want to consider purchasing a diesel-powered car.
Here's an overview of what diesel is, its pros and cons and what you should think about if you're considering a purchase.
What Exactly Is Diesel?
There are several different types of diesel on the market today. There are petrodiesels, which are made from fractional distillation of fuels, as well as biodiesels and biomass to liquid fuels.
Diesel works differently than gasoline in that it uses friction to ignite rather than sparks.
What Kind of Cars Work on Diesel?
Today diesel vehicles are being offered by BMW, Audi, Volkswagen, Chevrolet, Dodge and Ford. There's quite a wide range to choose from, including sedans, SUVs and trucks.
The price range of vehicles also ranges widely. You can get inexpensive sedans on the low end, or very classy SUVs on the high end.
In fact, unless someone knew what to look for, a diesel vehicle by and large looks exactly like a normal vehicle on the outside.
Cost Factors: Do You Save Money?
Unfortunately, the answer is most likely "no."
Because more expensive technology goes into making diesel vehicles, and because they're not produced at the same scale as other vehicles, the upfront cost tends to be a bit higher than their gas counterparts.
Do you save money on gas? The answer is "maybe." Sometimes the price of diesel is below standard gas prices, but sometimes it's higher than premium gas. The fluctuations are so wide that it's difficult to tell whether you're actually saving money or not.
In other words, if money is the main reason you're considering diesel, you might want to consider a hybrid instead. All things considered, hybrids will save you more money in the long run.
One interesting way of saving money with diesel, however, is to manufacture your own gas. You can do so by processing biomass into liquid form. That's a time-consuming process, but an interesting science experiment.
A Few More Considerations
Buyers who're considering a diesel-powered car should know that they're slightly louder than their gas counterparts. Some people also complain that diesel gas smells different than gasoline, though the smell isn't particularly unpleasant.
Finally, remember that not every gas station has diesel fuel. While many gas stations do, it's possible that in a crunch you might have trouble finding gas.
So all in all, should you get a diesel vehicle? If you really want to reduce your environmental footprint and reduce your gas consumption, going diesel is a great way to do it. On the other hand, from a purely cost-saving perspective, going diesel probably isn't the way to go.
Do hybrid cars actually save you money in the long run? This is a hotly contested debate in the automobile world.
Several studies released by Consumer Reports and other review agencies have shown that on average, you don't actually save money by buying a hybrid vehicle.
However, most of these studies only take into account the difference between gas mileages. They don't take into account many of the other factors that go into calculating the total cost of ownership.
A new study released by Intellichoice, a vehicle research center, shows that hybrid vehicles do indeed save you money in the long run.
In addition to fuel savings, these are some of the ways that hybrid vehicles save you money.
Better Value Retention
Have you ever heard the saying that your car is worth 30% less the moment you drive it off the lot?
That's true of every new car - except the hybrid. A hybrid vehicle retains its value better than any other type of vehicle.
This value retention is true in the first year, as well as five years down the line.
Federal Tax Credits
There are numerous tax credits you can take advantage of by driving a hybrid vehicle.
These tax credits can range anywhere from $250 to $3,150 depending on the state, the time period and the vehicle you're driving.
Lower Maintenance Costs
Although a hybrid costs more to purchase upfront, their maintenance costs are significantly lower than the average vehicle.
According to the Intellichoice report, the cost of the average non-hybrid vehicle of a comparable nature to the Prius over a five-year period was $33,305. Conversely, the Prius incurred only $19,897 in costs.
Differences in Financing Options
One big hidden cost to buying a vehicle is financing. The percent interest you pay on purchasing your vehicle is a very, very significant part of the total cost of your purchase.
While there are no ongoing special rates for the Toyota Prius, the Civic Hybrid or other hybrid vehicles, the fact is that financing deals are run several times a year specifically for hybrids by most major manufacturers.
That means that if you wanted to buy a Toyota Prius and just waited until a 0.9% APR deal came around, you could save a significant amount of money.
Insurers also take the driving habits of hybrid owners into account. If you own a hybrid, your accident rates are a lot lower than other types of car owners, which in turn lowers your insurance costs.
When you take all the various factors into account, not just the differences in fuel costs, hybrid vehicles really do end up saving money in the long run.
Gas is one of the biggest expenses in the average person's budget. What if you could cut your gas budget by half or even two thirds?
Both hybrids and motorbikes allow you to get MPGs of 50 or higher. So which should you get if you want to save gas?
From a Strictly Gas Perspective
From a strictly gas perspective, motorcycles get better mileage than even top of the line hybrid vehicles.
An average motorcycle can get 50 to 60 MPG. A hybrid vehicle really can't get any higher than 50 MPG, even on perfectly paved and even roads.
From a gas consumption perspective, the motorcycle wins out.
Upfront Cost Investment
Hybrid vehicles start at $19,800 for a Honda Insight. You can even get cheaper hybrid vehicles if you decide to invest in a pre-owned car.
Pre-owned vehicles can be purchased from a certified dealer with a manufacturer's warranty, meaning you're protected against any breakdowns. If you're willing to go pre-owned, you could purchase a hybrid for as little as $10,000.
A motorcycle on the other hand can cost as little as $2,000 for a used motorcycle in decent shape. On the other hand, a high end brand new motorcycle could cost you $10,000 or more.
From an upfront investment perspective, the hybrid is definitely much more expensive.
One big negative strike against the motorbike is the difference in safety.
A hybrid vehicle has all kinds of safety devices that reduce the chances of injury in an accident. They have crumple zones, anti-locking brakes, six airbags, seatbelts and much more.
A motorbike on the other hand is quite dangerous. Even with a helmet and padded suits, the chance of death in an accident is much higher.
Another consideration is the motorbike's ability to transport people.
With a sedan hybrid vehicle, you can transport up to five people at a time. With a motorbike, you can transport a maximum of one person.
That means that if you regularly need to bring kids, co-workers or friends around, then you probably want to go with a hybrid rather than a motorbike.
Making Your Decision
When it comes to making the final choice, you essentially need to weigh the money against all the other factors.
From a purely financial standpoint, the motorcycle wins out. With an upfront investment of around ten times less than the hybrid and a mileage that's about 10 MPG better, you're definitely saving more money with the motorbike.
However, having a car offers many benefits that a motorbike simply doesn't. You can bring people from place to place. And it's much safer to boot.
At the end of the day, the decision is yours. Weigh the benefits and the drawbacks and make your own decision.
There are thousands of ATV trails throughout North America (and more are being charted every day), but how do you judge whether you’ve found a good one or not? Here, we’ll examine a few of the elements that you need to look for when deciding where to take your four-wheeled “baby” for your next pleasure cruise.
Generally, if you’re someone who is familiar with four-wheeling, you’ll want an ATV trail that has some length to it. Otherwise, you could risk becoming bored when you just go in circles in the same field. ATV trails can be a few to a hundred miles long; start small and gradually build up your endurance. If you’re a beginner, ask a more experienced ATV operator to show you the ropes; heading out on your own is a dicey proposition and not recommended.
You want an ATV trail that matches your ability, or it won’t be much fun. Thus, if you’re a novice, don’t start your four-wheeling hobby in an extremely mountainous region or one that requires a great deal of ATV riding know-how. Similarly, if you’re someone who has a great deal of ATV operation experience, you should find a suitable trail or you’ll be overcome by ennui an hour into your excursion.
One of the greatest aspects of ATV riding is enjoying the natural surroundings, so be certain that your next trail ride is one that includes some amazing views or which allows you to soak in the beauty of the area. Remember you don’t have to be a photographer, an artist or a poet to be moved by a snaking stream or a radiant sunrise.
Not sure if a trail or area is open to ATV travelers? Then stop before gunning your motor and don’t ride on any trail or in any region until you have been given the “okay” by either the property owner or a legal authority. Far too many four-wheeling enthusiasts have given the sport a bad name by ripping through private property or tearing up national parks. There are plenty of legal ATV trails out there; make sure the one you choose is on the up-and-up or you could be hammered with a heavy fine.
The last thing you want is to get lost during an ATV trail ride. Riding without the proper gear while outside in the elements can be uncomfortable, scary, and deadly in some situations. Therefore, if you’re unfamiliar with your ATV trail, make sure you obtain a map of the region so you can stay aware of your bearings. Even if you never need to glance at the map, it’s still better to have it than to end up wondering, “Where the heck am I?” while a dark night approaches.
Finally, one of the most important elements of a great ATV trail is that it is one you want to share with friends and other riders. You will know you’ve found an awesome path when you can’t wait to get on your blog and start bragging about your recent excursion to other four-wheeling adventurers. After all, when you’ve found something that’s really exciting, it’s up to you to share the news with your friends all over the world.
There has always been great debate between motor sport activists who want to enjoy riding their machines in the outdoors and other nature lovers who claim that off-road motor vehicles harm the environment and ruin the area for anyone who wants to enjoy the outdoors in other ways. The argument can be made that motorcycle and ATV riders have as much right to use state lands as anyone else, but most other outdoor activities don’t interfere with riding the way riding can interfere with hiking, hunting, fishing, bird watching, or even the balance of nature and maintaining consistent flood plains. Although there may always be a conflict, understanding what other nature lovers do and how your riding affects them will help keep ATV riding in current areas, and possibly help it spread to even more areas.
The number one justification for banning ATV riding in certain areas is the detrimental affect it can have on the environment. Although ATVs smoke, are noisy, and help redistribute the mud on a piece of property, these factors have little affect on the environment. However, ATV riding, if done improperly or carelessly can damage waterways and have very noticeable effects on the local environment. The biggest and most likely risk is damage done to vegetation on the banks of waterways and nearby areas. Because those plants hold the riverbank together, if the plants are killed by riding over them, the soil in that area can be easily washed away, changing the flow of the river and oftentimes causing flooding. This kind of flooding causes damage to bottom lands, which is usually very fertile and a hotspot for deer, turkey, wild mushrooms, a plethora of wild birds, and many other things that other nature lovers seek out. In addition, increased erosion along rivers and streams cause fine sediment to fill the water, making it difficult for creatures like tadpoles and crawdads to grow and develop, which hurts the ecosystem, as well as the fish population and fishing opportunities. Most state laws do permit you to cross a river or stream on an ATV, but the most damage comes from riding up and down waterways because so much sediment is stirred up in the water.
Other than not damaging waterways and floodplains, there are several other things you can do to ensure that your riding doesn’t interfere with other activities that go on alongside the trail. For the most part, you should be fine as long as you keep your riding on the trail. It is when you stray from the trail that you will bump into people who don’t appreciate motor sports as much as you, and you may, in some cases, ruin their entire day. If you ride in areas that permit hunting, you should take a minute or two to find out what animals are in season so you know what else is going on in the woods. Many hunters complain of ATV riders driving by their hunting spots to see if they’re having any luck. Although most hunters don’t mind chatting it up, keep in mind that many hunters look forward to bagging a big deer or turkey for months, and an ATV off the trail is often enough to disrupt an animal’s normal patterns and keep hunters from seeing anything. It would be the same as if you were looking forward to a riding an area, only to turn your back for a second and have a hunter ruin your trip by slashing your tires. Your day, as well as weeks or months of planning and anticipation, would be destroyed in a few short seconds. The same can be true of bird watchers, hikers, and people fishing in streams and ponds where you ride. Although you may not realize it, an ATV is a noticeable presence in the woods, and not one that all creatures, including humans, appreciate.
Although there can be some conflict between motor sports lovers and other outdoor enthusiasts, a little respect can go a long way. Also keep in mind that many people who hunt, fish, hike, etc, also ride or have ridden ATV’s and vice versa. Many hunters will use ATV trails to cover ground quickly and get into areas that are usually undisturbed and catch their prey unsuspecting. Most hunters realize that deer and turkey do get used to the sight and sound of ATVs on trails. However, when you leave the trail with your ATV, you are disturbing the wildlife and possibly flood plains, which give other nature lovers and lawmakers a solid reason to restrict ATV riding to certain designated areas.
The ATV trail is a place for dirt, mud, gravel and romance?
Today’s ladies are hardly the proper models of the Victorian Era; in fact, there are plenty of gals out there just itching to ride their four-wheelers with as much gusto as their male counterparts. So if you’re a dude who’s scratching his head for the perfect place to woo your next girlfriend, why not choose an ATV trail excursion?
Of course, in order to ensure that your adventure is on the amorous side, you’ll need to incorporate a little bit of heartfelt and sincere sweetness into the occasion. Start off by sending your “special friend” an invite for an ATV cruise to watch the sunset from a trail nearby. The invitation should be handwritten and sent via the mail, or, if you’re cyber-savvy, emailed.
Plan your date as you would any other. First, map out the perfect ATV trail based on your companion’s four-wheeling level. If she’s just starting out (or hasn’t ridden before), choose a smooth path that will leave her breathless and smiling, but definitely not terrified. On the other hand, if she’s a veteran ATV operator, you can up the ante by picking out a more technically difficult trail filled with twists and turns. Regardless, make certain you know the mileage so you’re at the appropriate spot come nightfall (a sunset always makes a lovely date backdrop.)
Because this is a date, you’ll want to look your best. Though ATV riding can be a dirty proposition, a suit and tie is wildly inappropriate; however, that doesn’t mean you have to show up looking like a slob. At least comb your hair and trim your fingernails. Remember to brush your teeth, too, as most people like fresh breath.
When you pick up or meet your sweet thing, show her how much you care by holding up a bag packed with plenty of goodies for the two of you to enjoy during your adventure. These could include some non-alcoholic beverages, yummy snacks, a radio or CD player for music options and a camera so you can capture your moments together.
During the ride, you’ll no doubt have a plethora of opportunities to wow your significant other by pointing out exceptional scenery or by picking her a handful of wildflowers. Since this is a date, don’t be in a hurry to get from point A to point B; allow yourselves to linger when feasible. And, of course, if the mood strikes, “stealing” kisses is always appropriate if mutually desired.
Should something go wrong along the way, keep yourself calm, cool and collected. Remember, this ATV trail date is about the journey, not about the destination and she’ll recall fondly how you handled an unexpected situation if you keep a level head.
Though an ATV trail date of this sort isn’t guaranteed to produce a relationship that will last the test of time, it’s still likely to be a terrific experience for you both. You just have to put a little planning into the excursion and be open to possibilities.
Each year, many Americans make New Year’s resolutions. Some of the most common goals set include getting out of debt and losing weight, but you may want to take a different approach. Would you like your New Year’s resolution to focus on driving? If so, here are a few goals you can set for yourself:
To drive less.
Towards the close of 2008, gas prices started to decline. For most Americans, there is no more having to worry about $4 gas. The decrease in gas prices is causing many to return to their cars and their previous driving habits, but continued low gas prices aren’t guaranteed. The best way to ensure you save money on gasoline is to drive less and make it a habit. In addition to less money spent on gasoline, driving less also reduces vehicle wear and tear.
When it comes to driving less, many Americans automatically think it isn’t possible.
In most cases, it is. If you are unable to carpool or take public transportation to and from work, examine your other activities. Do you make a special trip each week to get groceries? If so, just stop and shop on your way home from work. By tracking your driving habits for one or two weeks, you may be surprised how many ways you can reduce the miles driven.
To get car serviced regularly.
Many car owners avoid getting their car serviced regularly due to costs. Yes, it is important to save money, but did you know that you can waste even more money by not getting your vehicle needed attention? You can. Be sure to have your oil changed, have your tires changed or rotated, and replace your air filters. Doing so will not only save you money, but it results in a safer and better valued car.
If money prevents you from getting your car serviced regularly, look for good deals. Always call around to local repair shops to compare prices. Also, use the internet to find money saving discounts. It is not uncommon to find printable coupons or money saving coupon codes. And, always remember that a regularly serviced car is likely to save you more money in the long run.
To buy a new car.
Are you driving around a old “beater,” car? If so, you may want to make a change. What better time than the New Year? Whether you want to buy a new car or used car, set the goal for yourself. With today’s economy, it seems as if you must have perfect credit to get a loan. If you do not and have reliable transportation right now, save money. Use that money to buy a car or use that money to cleanup your credit so you qualify for an auto loan with a low interest rate.
To drive safer.
Although we all try to be safe when driving, it is no secret that some are careful than others. Do you talk on your cell phone, eat, or play with the radio when driving? These are small tasks, but very risky when driving. Make it your New Year’s resolution to improve your driving. Whether it be focusing only on driving or leaving five minutes early so you aren’t in a rush, do it.
To lower car insurance.
If you have been with the same insurance provider for years, you may be paying too much for car insurance. The only way you will know is if you price compare. Make it your New Year’s resolution to lower your car insurance. Even if you can’t find a lower rate elsewhere, improve your driving, pay your car insurance in full, or opt for automatic payment withdrawals, as you should be rewarded with a discount.
If you are selling products through a drop shipping business on eBay or if you’re selling a digital product as an affiliate, then it is absolutely crucial that you build a relationship with your potential customers before you try and sell to them.
This is something that a lot of sellers and marketers just don’t understand and ultimately it is to their detriment as they end up missing out on the opportunity to sell. Read on to see exactly what this means and why it is so important…
The best way to explain this is with an analogy, or two. Imagine for a moment that you see an attractive lady or man at a bar and you want to get to know them a little better. So what you do, is you go up and you ask if they’re come home with you tonight.
What do you think happens next? Most likely you get a firm slap in the face – and this is more than fair enough!
The problem with this approach is that the person doesn’t know you yet. They don’t know what you’re like and if they’re likely to have a good time with you and more importantly – they don’t know if they can trust you! You might be dangerous as far as they’re concerned!
Another scenario is someone trying to sell a watch. Imagine they come up to you in the street holding a watch and ask if you want to buy it for $2,000. What do you say? Again, you’ll probably turn and run. No one would spend that much money on something without knowing anything about it and without having any form of ‘come back’ in case the deal turns sour.
How Businesses Make This Mistake All the Time
Both these examples probably seem absurd to you but this is essentially what many businesses are doing all the time. If you have a website that tries to sell a product as soon as anyone lands on it, then you’re going to drive people away before they have even had a chance to read your site.
They may well be interested in what you’re selling but if they don’t know your brand and they don’t know your product, then they won’t want to buy right away. And if all you’re interested in doing is selling to them with tons of pop?up ads, then you’re going to drive them off – it will look like spam!
Now consider the alternative approach: they land on your website and they find tons of great content that’s well written, free and informative. This allows the visitor to form a positive opinion of your business and hopefully to become interested in the products you’re mentioning.
And as a result, they’re much more likely to want to buy from you in future. So instead of focussing on making a sale, focus on making a fan. Push them toward a mailing list instead and invite them to come back. That way, the sales will come to you!